The UK and Ireland have had a close relationship for centuries, and nowhere is this more apparent than in the area of travel. The two nations have long enjoyed a travel agreement that allows citizens of both countries to move freely between them without the need for visas or other authorization.
The travel agreement between the UK and Ireland is part of the Common Travel Area (CTA), which also includes the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man. The CTA was established in the 1920s, before either country joined the European Union, and has remained in place even after Brexit.
Under the travel agreement, citizens of the UK and Ireland can travel freely between the two countries without the need for passports or other documentation. This means that a British citizen can enter Ireland with just a driving license as proof of identity, and an Irish citizen can enter the UK with just a passport or national ID card.
The travel agreement also allows for a range of other benefits, including the ability to work and study in either country, access to healthcare, and the ability to vote in local elections.
However, it is important to note that the travel agreement does not extend to the rest of the European Union. Citizens of the UK and Ireland can travel freely between the two countries, but they may face restrictions and requirements when traveling to other EU member states.
For example, British citizens now require an ETIAS (European Travel Information and Authorization System) visa waiver to travel to the EU from 2022. Irish citizens, on the other hand, will not require an ETIAS visa waiver to travel to the EU.
In summary, the travel agreement between the UK and Ireland is an important and long-standing arrangement that allows citizens of both nations to move freely between them. While it does not extend to the rest of the European Union, it remains an important part of the relationship between these two close neighbors.